Although genetics and cultural and environmental factors can cause obesity, the main reason is eating too much and / or not getting sufficient exercise
An individual's Body Mass Index (BMI) is evaluated by determining whether a person is given more weight or obesity, which is the ratio between weight and height. If your BMI falls between 25 and 29.9, then you are overweight. If your BMI is 30 or older, then you are considered to be obese.
Due to obesity, you are endangered for many diseases and diseases, including cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, stroke, gallbladder disease, respiratory problems, some types of cancer, chronic back pain, and osteoarthritis. Obesity can also take toll on self-esteem and contribute to depression
Obesity is spreading in many countries because of changes in the way we live, work, and play. Many of our jobs have become less physically demanding, but we seem to have less and less time available to devote to physical activity and exercise. We drive more and walk less. We spend many more hours than we ever have sitting in front of screens – watching television, playing video games, browsing the internet, or engaging with our mobile devices. Our habits around food have changed, too, as we eat bigger and bigger portions of less healthful foods.
Yes, it really helps. People who succeed at losing weight and keeping it off weigh themselves often, research shows.
A step on the scale at least once a week seems to build awareness best. Don't stress if the number on the scale goes up and down: Weight can change by several pounds over the course of a few days as water weight shifts.
Not eating one type of food doesn't translate to cutting overall calories. Besides, fat can help you feel full after eating, which may curb your desire for seconds or dessert. Your body needs some dietary fat to function.
Less than 10% of your calories should come from saturated fats, say government dietary guidelines. Replace butter and processed foods with healthier polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats, like olive oil, cold water fish, tofu, avocado, and small amounts of nuts. Although lowering saturated fat isnt magical for weight loss, it is beneficial for overall health
Drinking water, especially before mealtime, helps fill you up and makes you eat less. One study found that adults who drank two cups of water before each meal lost more weight than those who didn't.
Water also helps you stay hydrated. When your kidneys are moving water through your body, your water weight is lower.
Don't skip meals if you're trying to lose weight. You'll feel hungrier later and be more apt to raid the fridge or nibble on junk -- running your day's calorie total potentially higher than from a meal. Missing a meal can also leave you less energized, making it less likely that you'll exercise, an important thing if you're trying to lose weight. Having small, nutritious meals and snacks between meals has been shown to help people lose more.
Breakfast is the key don't-skip meal. Regular breakfast eaters are leaner than those who start the day on an empty stomach.
15-20 minutes. Eat slowly if you want to lose weight because there's a lag between when your mouth says "mmm" and your brain registers fullness in your stomach. If you put your fork down between bites and pace yourself, you’ll give your brain more time to tell your stomach that you're full.
In one study, women who were urged to eat slowly ate fewer calories and drank more water than when they were urged to eat as quickly as they could.
Yes! Spontaneity is great for some activities, but eating isn’t one of them. Weight loss experts recommend planning your meals and snacks to make sure they fit into a well-balanced diet plan.
Without a good plan, you're more vulnerable to the siren call of the nearest vending machine or bakery.
Keeping a diary of what you eat can double your weight loss, one of the largest and longest-running studies of weight loss maintenance found. Food journaling makes you aware of how much you're really gobbling and lets you see -- and fix -- bad patterns.
And a written record makes you more accountable, so you think twice before you scarf down food.
Carbs in processed foods. Despite the popularity of low carbohydrate diets, your body needs this important fuel to work.
It's healthiest to ditch carbs from sugar sweetened beverages like sodas, junk food and animal fats, while still eating some carbs from whole grains, fruits, and veggies.
Eat your veggies freely without fear of packing on kilos -- they're comparatively low in calories, packed with fiber and nutrition, and help you feel full so you eat less overall.
Easy on the fixings, though: Frying, sautéing, or adding most sauces, dips, and toppings amps up calories.
Eat them in moderation. It might seem logical to ban all chocolate, ice cream, pizza, or whatever your fatty food jones may be. Problem: You risk craving, caving, and gorging.
A study shows that limiting food choices doesn't help people lose weight. What does: A diet that includes your own food choices. Just eat high-calorie food less often, in small amounts, or in lower-calorie versions.
Yes, you should sleep more. Burning the midnight oil may seem like a clever way to burn extra calories, but lack of sleep spurs hormonal changes that make people hungrier. Adults need seven to nine hours per night.
Sleep helps regulate metabolism. Bonus: Researchers say that by sleeping an extra hour, you cut calories by 6% -- because you're asleep, not eating.